The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute (ESRI-SC) at the University of South Carolina (USC) was founded in 1973 to conduct applied research and service in petroleum exploration, environmental geosciences, engineering, and computer applications. ESRI-SC is an extramurally funded institute that works with federal, state, and local government, industry, local business, not-for-profit organizations, and private citizens. Strengths are in the energy, environmental, and climate (CO2) fields, all priority research areas of USC. A vast majority of this work focuses on the acquisition, processing, and interpretation of geophysical data for exploratory purposes (e.g. oil, gas, mineral resources, CO2 injection reservoirs) and environmental hazard assessment (e.g. earthquakes, potential pathways for subsurface toxic contaminants). ESRI-SC has the ability to organize and manage diverse research teams composed of industry, governmental agencies, and university scientists; it has one of the most complete and advanced facilities for the acquisition, processing, and interpretation of seismic reflection data, and is highly regarded for the accuracy and detail provided by its data processing team, instrumentation, and computer modeling.